Title: 0164 - Raman-spectral Study of Human Saliva for Detection of Oral Cancer


Genecy Calado (Presenter)
Dublin Institute of Technology

ISHA BEHL, FOCAS Research Institute
Stephen Flint, Dublin Dental University Hospital
Sheila Galvin, Dublin Dental University Hospital
Marina Leite Pimentel, Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin
Hugh J. Byrne, FOCAS Research Institute
Fiona M. Lyng, FOCAS Research Institute


Objectives: The overall aim of this study is to develop methodologies for analysis of human saliva using Raman spectroscopy with a future applicability for oral cancer diagnosis.

Methods: Artificial saliva was prepared in different concentrations, aiming to optimise the spectroscopic acquisition protocol. Furthermore, saliva samples were collected from 10 healthy volunteers by a non-stimulated collection method and from 10 healthy volunteers by a stimulated collection method and frozen for further analysis. Also, saliva samples from 20 patients with oral cancer and oral dysplasia were collected for initial characterization and analysis. Centrifugal filtration was performed to concentrate the saliva samples. The optimization of the different parameters required for Raman spectral acquisition using a HORIBA Jobin-Yvon HR-800 confocal Raman microspectrometer was carried out. Raman spectra were recorded using different wavelengths (532nm and 785nm), various objectives (x10, x50 and x60) and a diffraction grating of 600g/mm using both upright and inverted geometries and different substrates. Following pre-processing, spectra were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) and principal component-linear discriminant analysis (PC-LDA).

Results: The 532nm source, inverted geometry, 10x objective and 96 well plate produced the best spectral quality and may be considered readily adaptable for clinical applications. Centrifugal filtration using a 3K device improved the spectra of the concentrate. PCA-LDA could discriminate between the healthy volunteer samples collected by stimulated or non-stimulated methods with resonable accurancy (83%). Furthermore, a specificity and a sensitivity as high as 91% and 94%, respectively, could be achieved when diferentiating healthy volunteer samples from patient samples.

Conclusions: In this study, methodologies for the analysis of saliva by Raman spectroscopy have been developed to demonstrate the applicability of Raman microspectroscopy for providing molecular level insights from human saliva samples. The study also indicates the future potential for screening of saliva samples for oral pre-cancer and cancer.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source:
Science without Borders-Brazil

Disclosure Statement:
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE