Title: 0816 - Efficacy of XP-Endo Finisher in Mandibular Molars: Micro CT Analysis


Emad Moawad (Presenter)
School of Dentistry, University of Liverpool

Kate Blundell, School of Dentistry, University of Liverpool
Fadi Jarad, School of Dentistry, University of Liverpool


Objectives: To investigate the percentage of root canal surface instrumentation by XP-endo Finisher NiTi file (XPF) in mandibular molars, using Micro-Computed Tomography (µCT) imaging.

Methods: Thirty-seven mandibular molars were scanned using µCT scans at a high resolution of 26µm.Twenty-four molars were selected and divided into 2 groups based on stratified randomisation of canal space volume, canal anatomy, degree of curvature and canal dimensions. Molars were scanned with µCT at 20µm resolution pre-preparation and post-preparation. Group-1 was prepared using XP-endo Shaper (XPS). Group-2 was prepared using ProTaper Next (PTN). Both groups were then prepared using XPF. A single operator undertook all the preparation. Images were reconstructed in three-dimensions, to allow analysis using Materialise package.
Data were recorded and analysed in SPSS-22 software using Univariate analysis and descriptive statistics.

Results: The results showed difference in canal space volume between pre and post preparation in mesial roots with a mean of = 166618.14 µm3, SD = 158807.3 with XPF-in XPS group compared with mean= 183219.26 µm3, SD = 202804 with XPF-in PTN group. In distal roots group 1 showed a mean = 903514.64, SD = 2400513.8 compared with a mean = 999308.34, SD = 2722310.4 in group 2. The mean percentage of root canal wall instrumentation with XPF in XPS group was = 5.5%, SD = 3.4 in mesial roots and 6.7%, SD = 5.7, in distal roots. For XPF in PTN group the percentage was mean= 5.9%, SD = 5 in mesial roots and mean= 5.6%, SD = 5.6 in distal roots. There was no statistically significant effect on percentage of instrumentation or difference in volume with XPF when used after XPS or PTN.

Conclusions: Within the limitations of the study, XPF used as a finisher file after XPS and PTN improved the percentage of root canal wall instrumentation without significant further loss of root dentine.

Disclosure Statement:
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE