Title: 0779 - Dentists' Awareness on the Safe Use of Chemicals: Regulation 1272/2008/EC
Elisabeth Koulaouzidou, Faculty of Dentistry
Christina Karanasiou (Presenter)
Faculty of Dentistry
Konstantina Roussou, Faculty of Dentistry
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, University Hospital of Larissa
Demetrios Kouretas, University of Thessaly
Christina Tsitsimpikou, General Chemical State Laboratory
Objectives: Everyday dental clinical practice includes the use of a large variety of materials with possible hazardous effects on humans and the environment. The Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) sets a framework for the safe use and proper communication of hazard for chemicals.
Several years after the introduction of the said regulation in the European legislation, the awareness of Greek professional users and health care specialists regarding safe use of chemicals is uncertain.
Methods: Two hundred forty dentists (240) from various geographical regions of Greece were interviewed, using a closed-ended, anonymous and validated questionnaire.
Results: Less than 10% of dentists were aware of the CLP per se. Less than 15% have noticed changes in the labelling of the products they are using almost every day in their practice. Half of the responders (approximately 50%) are aware that they come into contact with products possibly hazardous for humans and the environment. Less than 35% consult the labels of the products and 40% read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and the instructions of use.
Dentists were asked about the frequency of the pictograms they recognize on the products labelling. Interestingly only 30% of them recognized the symbol GHS06 (skull and crossbones over rhombus), 40% the symbol GHS07 (exclamation mark over rhombus), less than 5% the symbol GHS08 (serious health hazard). Fifty percent of the dentists consider pictograms GHS06 and GHS08 equally hazardous for human health, only 3% recognize GHS08 as more dangerous than GHS06.
The use of personal protective equipment (gloves and masks) is almost universal in dentists.
Conclusions: In conclusion, on a national level rising awareness campaigns are needed, in collaboration with universities and dental care professional associations, in order to alert dentists regarding the safe use of chemicals to protect not only human health and but the environment as well.
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: none