Title: 0777 - Evaluation of The Colombian Oral Health Public Policy in Bogota
Mauricio Cortés-Cely (Presenter)
Universidad de los Andes
S. Aida Borges-Yáñez, National Autonomous University of Mexico
Luis Hernández-Flórez, Universidad de los Andes
Objectives: To evaluate the Colombian Oral Health Public Policy (OHPP) in the city of Bogota.
Methods: An evaluative study of progress and results of public policy was developed. The information was requested for a period of 10 years (2006 to 2016) from the health authority in Bogota through a local non-governmental organization.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the objectives proposed in the OHPP and determine an improvement in the following measures: 1. Morbidity rates, 2. Oral health coverage, 3. Preventive interventions coverage, 4. Use of oral health information, 5. Professional development of personnel, 6. Participation in dental research, and 7. Development of clinical practice guidelines.
Morbidity rates are for the five oral health conditions, prioritized by the Ministry of Health (caries, periodontal disease, soft tissue diseases, edentulism, and fluorosis). A descriptive analysis was conducted of the data received.
Results: For morbidity rates, there was a tendency to decrease during the evaluated period: dental caries decreased from 66.91 to 46.80 per 1,000 population, periodontal disease decreased from 4.52 to 3.43 per 1,000 population, edentulism decreased from 0.32 to 0.17 per 1,000 population, fluorosis decreased from 18.40 to 12.90 per 1,000 population, and soft tissue diseases decreased from 40.09 to 30.35 per 1,000 population.
Meanwhile, oral health care coverage decreased while preventive interventions such as coverage for plaque control and oral health education increased. There was evidence of the use of oral health information, the development of dental personnel and the participation of the health authority in dental research and the development of clinical practice guidelines.
Conclusions: Bogota has low coverage of preventive interventions in oral health. It is therefore necessary to develop an oral health policy that involves greater population coverage in both preventive and restorative care, to improve oral health conditions in the population.
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE