Title: 0776 - Discrimination Among Dentists in Saudi Arabia Toward Different Patients’ Conditions
Majd Alsharif (Presenter)
King Abdulaziz University
Meyassara Samman, King Abdulaziz University
Shahad Alsharif, King Abdulaziz University
Maha Alsharif, King Abdulaziz University
Mohammed Yousef, King Abdulaziz University
Objectives: The aim was to investigate the prevalence of discrimination among dentists in Saudi Arabia and to assess their behavior towards different socioeconomic status, nationalities, crimes, appearance and oral hygiene.
Methods: This was a national based cross sectional study that used anonymous self-administered questionnaires to collect the data. The questionnaire was of 2 parts: socio demographic and discrimination. An ordinal scale from 1 to 5 was used to measure discrimination variables.
Results: To determine significant differences between categorical variables, Chi-Square test were used when appropriate. Significant levels were set at 95% with p-value less than 0.05 deemed to be significant. Two hundred and seventy three dentists responded to the questionnaire with a mean age of 30 years old. Sixty five percent of dentists were comfortable in dealing with patients from different nationalities. Male dentists were more comfortable in treating prisoners than female dentists. The sample was divided into two categories regarding treating patients without insurance and those who can't afford to pay, but in general males were most likely to treat those patients. Although 68% of dentists know that If they reject or evade from treating patients they are violating the codes of conduct and the principles of ethics of their profession, 42.1% of them have referred a patient to another dentist because they were not comfortable in dealing with that patient.
Conclusions: Discrimination and inequality do exist in the dental field among different nationalities, socioeconomic status, oral hygiene status and crimes. Further research is needed to confirm this conclusion and to study the impact of this on the patient and the quality of care.
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE