Title: 0257 - The Role of Family Functioning in Pre-school Children’s Dental Caries in Malaysia


Muneer Babar (Presenter)
International Medical University

Sobia Bilal, International Medical University
Zamros Yusof, University of Malaya
Allan Pau, International Medical University


Objectives: To evaluate the association between family functioning and pre-school dental caries in a sample of 5- to 6-year-old children in Malaysia.

Methods: This paper presents the baseline data as part of the main randomized controlled trial which was conducted on 251 pre-school children aged 5-6 years from kindergartens in Selangor Malaysia. A random sample of 251, 5 to 6-year-old children were identified through the National Oral Health of Pre-School Survey (NOHPS). Baseline clinical dental health data of children’s dmft scores were collected by oral screening at the randomly selected kindergartens. A self-administered parental questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic, psychosocial and behavioural data. The Family Assessment Device (FAD) (Bahasa Melayu) FAD-GF12 subscale questionnaire was used to collect data on family functioning. Associations with dmft were analysed using multilevel modelling. Bivariate associations between family functioning dimensions and dmft, oral hygiene behaviours and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed using chi-square test. In addition, frequencies were generated for Family Functioning item by item. Ethics approval was obtained from the IMU Joint Research and Ethics Committee and the Medical Research and Ethics Committee (MREC) Malaysia.

Results: 251 pre-schoolers (76.3%) consented to participate of whom 104 (41.4%) had 5 or more dmft and 74 (29.6%) were caries-free. The family functioning had no effect on dental caries status p = .363. It was found that children living in bungalow houses have 5 or more dmft compared to children living in flats. Dental caries status is not associated with gender and parents’ income.

Conclusions: Positive family functioning has no effect on caries status.

Student Presenter

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source:
Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS), Ministry of Education (MOE) Malaysia, FRGS/2/2014/SKK11/IMU/01/1

Disclosure Statement:
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: None