Title: 0379 - Relationship Between Amount and Frequency of Sugars Intake by Children


Paula Moynihan (Presenter)
Newcastle University

Sahand Abbasi-Tabrizi, Newcastle University
Emma Foster, Newcastle University


Objectives: Despite recommendations to reduce amount of free sugars (FS) intake, advice provided by dentists sometimes focuses on reducing frequency. Data from the 1980s indicated a strong correlation between amount and frequency of sugars intake, meaning reducing frequency would result in a reduction in amount. However, since then dietary lifestyle has changed considerably.
The objectives were: to ascertain if an association between amount and frequency of sugars intake still exists and if reduction in amount of sugars intake, resulting from a national Sugar Smart health marketing campaign, is associated with a reduction in intake frequency.

Methods: Existing dietary data, from a population of >500 children aged 5-11 years from England and Wales, (collected to evaluate Public Health England’s Sugar Smart Campaign) based on 2 day dietary recalls at baseline, peak campaign, 1, 10 and 12 months post campaign, were used to assess the amount of total sugars (TS) and FS intake and frequency of consumption. Correlations between amount and frequency were determined using Pearson’s test following log transformation. Change in amount and frequency of sugars intake between baseline and peak campaign, and baseline and 10 months post campaign, were calculated. Linear regression determined if change in frequency of sugars was a predictor of change in amount of intake.

Results: The median frequency of FS was 4.0 (range 0-11) intakes/day. A strong relationship existed between the amount and frequency of sugars intake, across all five time points: correlation coefficients ranged from 0.74 to 0.81 for FS and 0.7 to 0.76 for TS (all p<0.001). Linear regression showed change in frequency to be predictive of change in intake: R2= 0.47; R=0.7 for FS at peak and 10 month post-campaign (p<0.001).

Conclusions: A strong relationship exists between amount and frequency of sugars in modern diets. Reducing frequency of sugars consumption is likely to reduce amount consumed.

This abstract is based on research that was funded entirely or partially by an outside source:
Public Health England, and The Rank Organization

Disclosure Statement:
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE