Seq#9 - Increase Your Proficiency in Carrying Out Effective Peer Reviews

Peer-review plays a critical role in ensuring the quality of scientific literature. High quality reviews will safeguard against erroneous conclusions and misleading information that could waste a tremendous amount of time and money, as well as potentially causing harm.

Unfortunately, the literature reveals a high prevalence of reporting errors in biomedical publications, such as poorly written abstracts, flawed methods, inappropriate outcomes and conclusions that do not reflect the results. In addition, more than half of published studies fail to adhere to reporting guidelines.

This workshop aims to train and reinforce principles of peer-review in order to improve the quality of peer-reviews and to enable reviewers to efficiently and confidently evaluate the quality of the reports that they appraise.

This workshop will begin with short presentations on various aspects of peer-review including, but not limited to, abstract assessment and relevance, methodological assessment based on established checklists and guidelines, statistical analysis assessment, reporting of results, discussion and study limitations.

Following the presentations, participants will break into small groups to discuss and evaluate either a clinical or a basic science report, depending on their preferences. Based on the principles presented in the talks, each group will then construct a mini review and formulate a decision of that potential publication. The speakers/moderators will work with the groups to assist and guide the discussions.

Moderators: Jocelyne Feine, Effie Ioannidou, Will Giannobile, Jack Ferracane

Learning Objectives:

  • To improve quality of peer review for reviewers at JDR and JDR CTR
  • To discuss principles of peer-review process with a goal to reduce waste and increase quality
  • To train reviewers in using checklists and other resources in the review process