SYM_Recorded
Description

CE Hours: 1.5

Seq# 14 - Mastication and Deglutition of Geriatric Patients: Mechanisms and Practice

This session will be recorded and available through IADR CE On Demand after the meeting for Continuing Education Credit.  

According to the United Nations report, by 2020, people with an age over 65 years will outnumber the children under 5 years. For the elderly people, the key element to nutritional intake and physical fitness is to maintain normal oral functions, including chewing and swallowing, which rely on the structural and functional integrity of the stomatognathic system. Aging has a substantial effect on the peripheral stomatognathic apparatus and the sensorimotor integration of the CNS. Moreover, cognitive impairment is widely known as a major threat to healthy aging in the elderly people. The understanding of the physiological and neural mechanisms of mastication and deglutition, and their interaction with the decline of cognitive and physical status, would play a key role not just for the dental practicing, but also to the whole field of geriatric healthcare. Several critical issues regarding the neural mechanisms of mastication and deglutition have remained debated: how to accurately measure the individual variations in oral functions? Can these functional declines be restored through training? Can masticatory dysfunction affect cognitive decline? Do mastication and deglutition share the similar brain mechanisms? We believe that the proposed symposium will contribute to our understanding of the latest research on the mechanisms between mastication, deglutition, and aging. It would encourage a multi-disciplinary cross-talk between the geriatric medicine, dental sciences and basic research fields.

Learning Objectives:

  • The latest research on the association between mastication and aging: receiving an update of the current research evidence.; learning the interaction between different masticatory apparatus and how aging influences the interaction.; learning the clinical implications on prosthodontic treatment of the elderly people.
  • Objective 2: The latest research on the association between deglutition and aging
    (Prof. Makoto Inoue has been contacted and confirmed to be the speaker in this session)
    a) Goal 1: receiving an update of the current research evidence.
    b) Goal 2: learning the interaction between swallowing and dysphagia in the elderly people.
    c) Goal 3: learning the clinical implications on assessment and rehabilitation of dysphagia.
  • Objective 3: The connection between oral functions and cognitive and physical decline
    (Prof. Frank Lobbezoo has been contacted and confirmed to be the speaker in this session)
    a) Goa1 1: receiving an update of the current research evidence.
    b) Goa1 2: learning the association between masticatory dysfunction and cognitive decline.
    c) Goal 3: learning the association between orofacial pain and cognitive decline.

    Objective 4: The clinical assessment of oral functions in the elderly dental patients
    (Prof. Martin Schimmel has been contacted and confirmed to be the speaker in this session)
    a) Goal 1: receiving an update of the current research evidence.
    b) Goal 2: learning the methods for assessing masticatory performance
    c) Goal 3: learning the methods for assessing oral functions in the patients with neurodegenerative diseases and stroke.
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